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Who Sps Agreement

The SPS Agreement, or Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement, is an important international treaty that governs the use of measures related to food safety and animal and plant health. The agreement sets out guidelines for how countries can regulate the import and export of animal and plant products while ensuring the protection of human, animal, and plant life and health.

The SPS Agreement was established in 1995 as part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. It was created in response to the growing concerns over the safety of international food trade and the need for standardized regulations. The agreement covers a wide range of topics, including the use of pesticides and other chemicals in agriculture, animal health and welfare, and disease control measures.

Under the SPS Agreement, each member country must ensure that its measures related to food safety, animal and plant health, and disease control are based on scientific evidence and are not discriminatory. Countries must also allow imports of products that meet their health requirements and provide for transparency and consultation before implementing any new regulations.

The SPS Agreement has had a significant impact on international trade, as it has helped to reduce trade barriers and increase the flow of goods and services between member countries. However, the implementation of the agreement is not always smooth, and disputes may arise between countries over the interpretation of its provisions.

In conclusion, the SPS Agreement is a crucial international treaty that governs the use of measures related to food safety, animal and plant health, and disease control. It has helped to standardize regulations and reduce trade barriers between member countries, but its implementation can be complex and subject to interpretation. Overall, the SPS Agreement plays a vital role in ensuring the safety and health of people, animals, and plants worldwide.